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Fertility Factors:

Healthy sperm

Did you know there are ways that men can keep their sperm healthy?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

The most successful way to treat PCOS is by living a healthy life. The healthier you are, the better your chance of becoming pregnant.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Some STIs, particularly gonorrhoea and chlamydia, can affect men's and women's fertility. 


Endometriosis affects 10–15 per cent of all women of reproductive age and 70 per cent of women with chronic pelvic pain. 


Diabetes in men and women affects the chances of having a baby but it can be controlled to reduce or remove symptoms.

Cancer treatment

Some types of cancer, and some types of cancer treatment can affect sperm and eggs.

Complementary and alternative therapies

Complementary and alternative medicines include acupuncture, herbal medicines and manual therapies such as massage and reflexology.

Gender diversity and fertility

There are options available for preserving fertility before medical transition.